A Short History of Sports Photography

The history of sports photography is closely related to the trends of sport gaining popularity through human history. The technology of photography from the early 1800s onward leaped forward in boundaries and aided an emerging media, sporting journalism.

The inspiration of athletics and sport in art can certainly be seen in the work of the ancient Greek masters of sculpture, however this type of expression was not as prevalent in modern sporting venues until the invention of wet-collodion and dry-plate photographic processes. These processes allowed for posed studio images on glass plates and tin-types, but were just not 'fast' enough for the 'stop-action' images we are used to seeing today.

As the 19th Century was coming to a close, in the 1880s scientific motion studies of athletes in action were produced in the United States and Germany, the technology was still not considered on the sporting field. This all changed with the advancement of photography and sports journals in the last part of the century. As the first sports journals begin to appear around 1900, the public became more and more interested in the sports image, which often would include images of players on the tennis green, golfling or on the hunt for wild game.

In the history of sports photography the earliest of contributors were more concerned with the activities of the country elite, but by the end of World War I, readers of sporting journals were becoming interested in the professional athletes of American baseball and tennis. The majority of these early images were of prominent players in posed situations, giving te sense of action. Baseball players were posed with bat in hand at the plate, teams were lined up for group shots and so forth, however the 'action' shot was still not widely seen.

With the 1930s more and more images of athletes in action were appearing in magazines, assisted in their growth through camera systems allowing photographers shutter speeds up to 1 / 1000th of a second. This cave way to styles highlighting blurred subjects suggesting movement and 'stop-action' images of the athlete in activity. Photographers began adopting signature styles and the popularity of the genre began to grow rapidly as the public began to expect the excitation of seeing their favored athletes in 'action.'

In 1954, Sports Illustrated – the vaunted digest of sports and athletics – premiered and suddenly the position of being a sports photographer became even more engrained in the public eye. The magazine highlighted the exploits and professional and amateur athletes the world over, increasing the need for the art form and those who practiced it. By this point, technology had more or less caught up with demand, with the advent of small, compact single lens reflex (SLR) cameras and the fast shutter speeds offered in the models. The history of sports photography is firmly tied to lens technology, as well, had advanced to offer the photographer a wide choice of methods to compress perspective and using depth of field for …

Snowboard Tips for Beginners With Select

When it comes to skiing or snowboarding having the right equipment is vital for your safety and enjoyment of the sport. Along with possessing the correct gear you should also be trained in their basic usage, otherwise you risk a nasty fall on the slopes.

Your snowboarding experience will be shaped by what equipment you use. The top priority for anyone new to snowboarding is to get the right board. Novices will be overwhelmed at the choices available; boards come in a variety of sizes and designs, so it pays to do your homework before taking the plunge.

Selecting the board size is fairly straightforward. Simply pick one that is appropriate for your height, weight and age group. Choosing the style of the board, unfortunately, is not as simple. Snowboarding boards have different designs that are geared towards a particular style or terrain. These include freestyle boards, free ride boards and alpine boards. Here is a quick description of each:

Freestyle Boards

If you are a beginner you probably will want to start with a freestyle board. Unlike other board styles, both ends of a freestyle board are the same, meaning there’s not differentiation between the front of the board and its back. The board’s uniform design and short, wide shape makes it ideal for novice snowboarders still finding their balance. Freestyle boards require soft, short shoes.

Free Ride Boards

The most popular type of snowboarding board, a free ride board has a directional shape with a narrow, thin tail and a thicker, wide tip. Unlike the uniform design of the freestyle board, free ride boards are meant to move in only one direction. Their more rigid design also means that free ride boards are great at handing a greater variety of ground-snow conditions.

Alpine or Race Boards

Narrower than both freestyle or free ride boards, Alpine boards are ideal for high speed runs and sharp turns. Their thin design and increased stability makes them popular with professional snowboarders taking part in competitions. Unlike freestyle or free ride boards, Alpine boards require a hard ski shoe.

After you have selected your board, you need to brush up on a few snowboarding basics. The most important thing to remember when it comes to snowboarding is to keep your body relaxed. Your legs should be slightly bent at the knees to handle all the bumps and jolts you will experience as you traverse the slopes. The key to snowboarding is to stay loose and flexible at all times- if you remain tense and stiff you will never learn to properly manoeuvre on a board.

Snowboarding gear can be expensive. Consider borrowing a friend’s board for your first time on the snow. If you don’t have any friends who are into snowboarding and don’t want to spend the big bucks buying your own equipment, then you may want to check out the many excellent rental shops that hire out skiing and snowboarding equipment at great prices. What’s more, they can also help select …

How to Choose a Martial Arts School – Considerations For Making the Right Decision

Martial Arts Houston: How To Choose A Martial Arts School – Considerations for Making the Right Decision

Whether you are a parent wanting to sign your child up in martial arts classes, or you are interested in training yourself, the basic principles in choosing a martial arts school are the same. You first have to decide what you want to gain by taking martial arts, and then you have to find the best school and instructor that best matches that need. Let’s take each step one at a time.

STEP 1: DECIDE CLEARLY WHAT YOU WANT YOU OR YOUR CHILD TO GAIN FROM MARTIAL ARTS TRAINING

This is a crucial step that is sometimes overlooked. People have different but very good reasons for wanting to take up martial arts training. There are quite a lot of benefits that martial arts training has to offer – here are just a few:

  • Self defense
  • Develop an overall sense of well being and self confidence
  • Lose weight
  • Gain flexibility and coordination
  • Acquire more discipline
  • And more…

Why do you want to train in martial arts? Maybe your reasons include all of the above, and that’s fine, but try to find the one or two reasons that are most important to you. For example, are you looking for just a little light recreation? Then a community center program may suffice. However if you want all of the benefits martial arts has to offer, like self-defense or personal development, then you are going to need a full-time professional school. Deciding what you really want is a very important step in choosing the best school for you.

STEP 2: PICKING THE SCHOOL AND INSTRUCTOR THAT BEST MATCHES YOUR NEEDS

After you have decided what you want from your training, the next step is to find the right place. There are several factors you should consider in choosing a school. You will want to consider things like; finding the right instructor, the cleanliness and distance of the school, the price for classes, finding a suitable style of martial art, and safety considerations. Let’s look at each of these factors a little more closely.

What is your impression of the instructor?

You should realize that a big factor in choosing the right school is really choosing the right instructor. Here we are talking about the instructor’s personality and teaching style. It’s tough making an informed judgment about a person in a brief meeting, but usually you are going to have to trust your gut here. Intuition and first impressions, while not always correct, often turn out to be true. Be sure to visit the school, meet the instructor and have a look around.

How does the instructor greet visitors and how do they treat the students?

A professional school will have a friendly atmosphere, lots of smiles and be well kept. You’ll feel comfortable with the personnel and the facility. While this may not end up being the closest school to your house, when it comes to your …

Internet Business Profile – DOBA

One of the basic formulas for making money on the internet is drop shipping. This means you are advertising items for sale on your site, newsletter, ezine, etc that are actually located at another company with which you have a relationship. When someone buys one of the items from you, an order is placed to your drop shipper, which mails the item directly to the purchaser. You keep the difference between the price you charge your customer and the price the drop shipper charges for the item as your profit.

This seems simple enough, and it pretty much is. The catch is finding drop shipping companies out there. Also, you'll need to create a website that can feature items you want to sell, get the website hosted, advertise and promote your site on the search engines, and hope your efforts build enough traffic to your site to start generating sales.

As you may have guessed, the above tasks can be difficult. Just finding decent and reputable drop shipping companies on the internet can be hard. It is almost if they do not want to be found – sometimes this is their way of keeping away the inexperienced, or those who are not able to generate enough sales for them. Fortunately, several entrepreneurial companies have created tools that help you streamline this whole process.

The following is a brief description of DOBA, one of the dropshipping companies I have tried. I advise you to do your own research and due diligence before you act on this or any other business opportunity.

I found DOBA via an ad in an entrepreneur magazine. Their ad promoted a free 14 day trial of their drop shipping service. They seem to have a very large catalog of items available for drop shipping. Each item in DOBA's database is listed with the base price that you need to pay to purchase the item, as well as the recommended mark up price that you will want to charge your potential buyers. You have freedom to adjust the price you charge other people for the items you're selling from DOBA. Keep in mind that changing your asking price will affect your profit, as the price you need to pay DOBA does not change. DOBA's interface allows you to link your Paypal account so you can easily purchase items from DOBA to be shipped without using your credit card.

DOBA also has a nice and easy interface to eBay. If you have an active eBay account, you can fairly quickly select a product in DOBA you wish to sell and create an auction for that item. I was able to sell a mini NFL football helmet from DBA via eBay. Once the auction ended and my winning bidder paid me via Paypal, I went to DOBA and placed an order for the helmet to be shipped to the winning bidder's mailing address. DOBA even wave me a tracking number on the shipment so I and the winning bidder could …

Types of Construction Projects

Construction is defined as “a process that consists of the building or assembling of infrastructure.” (See 1. below) On the other hand, a Construction Project “includes all material and work necessary for the construction of a finished structure for occupancy by End Customer. This includes site preparation, foundations, mechanical, electrical work, and any other work necessary to complete the project.” (See 2. below)

There are different types of construction projects:

  1. Residential
    Residential construction projects include houses, townhouses, apartments, condominiums, cottages, single unit dwellings and subdivisions. The housing designs are generally done by architects and engineers and the construction is executed by builders who hire subcontractors for structural, electrical, mechanical and other specialty work. This type of project must conform to local building authority regulations and codes of practice. Many new builders are attracted to residential projects because of its ease of entry in the real estate market. This makes it a highly competitive market with potentially high risks as well as high rewards.
  2. Building
    Building construction is perhaps the most popular type of construction project. It is the process of adding structure to real property. Most of the projects are room additions and small renovations. Most new building construction projects are construction of sheltered enclosures with walk-in access for the purpose of housing people, equipment, machinery or supplies. It includes installation of utilities and equipment.
  3. Institutional and Commercial
    Institutional and commercial building construction covers a great variety of project types and sizes such as hospitals and clinics, schools and universities, sports facilities and stadiums, large shopping centres and retail chain stores, light manufacturing plants and warehouses and skyscrapers for offices and hotels. Specialty architects and engineers are often hired for designing a particular type of building. This market segment has few competitors because of the high costs and greater sophistication of institutional and commercial buildings as compared to residential construction projects.
  4. Industrial
    Industrial construction is only a small part of the whole construction industry nevertheless it is a very important part of the industry. These projects are generally owned by big, for-profit industrial corporations such as manufacturing, power generation, medicine, petroleum, etc.
  5. Specialized Industrial Construction
    This type of construction project usually involves very large scale projects with a high degree of technological complexity such as nuclear power plants, chemical processing plants, steel mills and oil refineries.
  6. Highway Construction
    Highway construction involves the construction, alteration, or repair of roads, highways, streets, alleys, runways, paths, parking areas, etc. It includes all incidental construction in conjunction with the highway construction project.
  7. Heavy Construction
    Heavy construction projects usually involve projects that are not properly classified as either “building” or “highway.” Examples of this type of project would be: water and sewer line projects, dams, sewage treatment plants and facilities, flood control projects, dredging projects, and water treatment plants and facilities.

These are the more popular types of construction projects. Construction is a big industry and there are now several construction companies that you can choose from. This, coupled with the use of the internet, …

Adding Or Changing Golf Cart Parts Is Not As Difficult As You May Think

People that own golf carts and use them often, put wear and tear on the various golf cart parts such as tires, batteries, seats, brake lights, and mats. Many people who are not mechanical-minded assume that changing a part on their cart is beyond their scope of knowledge. However, replacing parts on a golf cart is not difficult, particularly since there is so much less to them mechanically than an automobile.

Let's assume as an example, your brake light goes out on your cart. You head to the dealership you purchased the cart and they of course can replace the bulb. They charge you for the bulb plus the cost to install it, and you end up paying much more than the bulb is worth. If you have a screwdriver and can unplug a light bulb and plug in a new one, you can save several dollars. In this case, you simply need to go to a cart parts store and purchase the correct bulb for your model, which costs a few dollars. Installing it takes only a few minutes.

Additional cart parts can be used to accessorize your cart, including seat covers, painting, bumpers, and dashboards. These also are not difficult to install, but when it comes to batteries or replacing a complete dashboard, many people shy away from doing it themselves if they are not confident in their abilities.

If saving money is your ultimate goal when adding parts or returning parts on your cart, you can easily learn how to replace them. If you know of someone that is handy, have him or her show you systematically how to replace or add specific parts to the cart. Another way to learn how to change out parts or accessorize is read through your owner's manual. You can gain a wealth of information by simply reading through the various parts that the it has. In addition, the owner's manual probably has the part numbers of commonly replaced parts such as bulbs and tires.

Taking the time to learn how to replace specific parts or customize your cart with accessories will not only save you money, but give you a sense of pride in knowing your did the work yourself. Additionally, you will have saved yourself an allowance amount of money by replacing parts on your own because you only have to purchase the parts and do not have to pay someone to install it, which is referred to as labor costs. Most people that learn to install parts quickly find out that replacing or adding parts to a golf cart is nothing like an automobile. They find that the process is not as difficult as they thought. …

The Benefits of an Outdoor Basketball Court

Most children in this modern age enjoy playing with their advance technology gadgets inside the house or anywhere they want to play. They used to carry these gadgets as long as they can bring it with them or put it in their pocket and just grab it any minute that they feel like playing or using them.

We can say that those children who play, or hold some of these advance things are advanced intellectual kids which are a good sign. But we must remember that there are also disadvantages with these gadgets. Your children might play all the time and be lazy when you asked them to pack up or fix their bed.

Some children just sit on the couch the whole day and they also forget to take their meals. They may take their meals but eat less and play more, which is a bad thing because their health is affected. Also they might use eyeglasses in an early period time of their lives. If your child is one of them, you might want to do another trick which they will enjoy and may be of help with their health.

What will you do? Try to set up a backyard court. This trick will work with your child especially when you play basketball with them as a first step. There are varieties of basketball courts but make sure that you are going to get the highest quality court for your child.

In starting to build an outdoor court, consider your own yard. Backyard sport court is a great place for your kids to hang out. Beautify backyard with a gorgeous basketball court so your family will enjoy every minute of bonding in your backyard. You may also take advantage of your wasted driveway space by turning it into a great home practice basketball court.

Get your children off the couch and play with them for an hour or more or during your rest day. Your kids will definitely enjoy this game with you and sooner with their friends. This set up is great for your child’s health. If your child is lousy before, they may be able to have their reflexes back in time.

Having an outdoor or sport court will be of help to your child’s health without them knowing it. Basketball is one source of exercising all your child’s body parts and inner organs which will definitely make them more eager to do things in the future. With basketball as an exercise, your child will be more energetic.

By building an outdoor sport court, you have made the right choice. Because you did not just beautify your home; but you have built a perfect family spot for playing, bonding and one perfect place where you can share your precious moments with your child and your family.…

What Happened In The UK In 1994?

Here are the biggest news, sport and entertainment stories of 1994…

English and Welsh people welcomed a change in the law meant that meant they could go shopping on Sundays. Since 1950 they had not been able to do so due to a law prohibiting shops opening at all on the traditionally holy day. Church groups opposed the move but both the people and the Government agreed that it was an outdated concept.

Britain’s first ever national lottery was launched to mixed reactions; some feeling that it was wrong to promote gambling and others simply loving the chance to win some easy money. The fact that a sizeable amount of money each week would be going to charities was enough to sweeten enough of the doubters though and, having got the go-ahead, the first draw was a massive success; the jackpot reaching over £7m.

Someone who won a personal lottery was the man to be given a ‘bionic’ heart. The media taking a keen interest in the pioneering operation, led by UK doctors in Cambridgeshire, which saw the world’s first battery-operated heart being implanted.

In the political world, people finally dared to hope for peace in Northern Ireland following ceasefire announcements by both the IRA and the Loyalists; the Conservatives negotiating at last seeming to have paid off. Despite that, it wasn’t a great year for John Major and company, though maybe they didn’t realize it at the time, as the little known, fresh-faced Tony Blair was brought in as the new leader of the opposing Labour Party; bringing with him talk of ‘change’ and a modernising agenda.

Sports wise in 1994, Britain missed out on the World Cup fun in the USA; the first time since 1938 that no British representatives had been at the event. Brazil won that competition, eventually overcoming Italy in the final on penalties, but much attention was still focused on Argentina’s Diego Maradona who had been banned mid-tournament after being caught taking illegal, performance-enhancing drugs. With no home-countries football matches having any importance, it was an ideal opportunity for rugby union’s 5 nations to take centre stage. Wales dominated the tournament but were prevented from sealing a ‘grandslam’ by defeat to England in their final game.

Britain’s TV screens were lit up in ’94 by two familiar faces in new guises on BBC 2. Steve Coogan’s creation of the socially-inappropriate Alan Partridge being a big hit, viewers cringing as Partridge humiliated and vilified his guests on the fictional chat show program ‘Knowing Me, Knowing You’. The second BBC triumph being ‘The Fast Show’; created by Harry Enfield regular Paul Whitehouse, the program revitalised the tired sketch show format and launched a variety of catchphrases.

On the big screen, this was the year that saw Hugh Grant become a household name as a result of his starring role in ‘Four Weddings and a Funeral’; the same film also responsible for promoting the much loved / hated ‘Wet Wet Wet’ song ‘Love Is All Around’. The …

Should College Athletes Be Paid?

College sports bring in big dollars every year on the major college level. These programs bring $30 and sometimes $40 million dollars per year to the universities and colleges and the players get nothing. These are the same players who are breaking their backs for the university day in and day out and can’t get a share of that money and, to me, that does not seem fair. I know what you may be thinking: that these student athletes are getting a free education or have gotten a scholarship to play ball at that university. To me, that’s the least they could be doing.

When I look at college football on Saturdays and see packed stadiums with cheering fans paying big money for a ticket I say, what business out there could run a company and not pay its workers? You would think I was talking about some Third World country! Pay the players now, please!

Think about this one: most of the college coaches get six figure salaries– big college programs and small ones. Some of these college coaches get shoe contracts, some get T.V. and radio contracts and many other perks along the way. Also, if they are a good coach and win games they will be offered another coaching job somewhere else with bigger money and larger perks! The student athletes get nothing and, to me, something should be done about that. Please pay the players now!

They will keep telling you that the athletes are getting the free education, free books, free room and board and the chance at a good college education that will last a lifetime. So what! Pay the players! I see this whole college thing as slave-labor! Coaches make big money on the backs of these players. You hear stories about college athletes taking money or getting paid under the table. You hear these stories of players getting cars and lots of cash, you hear stories of players getting all of this and more on the side. You hear about the player’s families getting cars and houses to attend that college program. This goes on all the time in secret!

Why do the players take this money and cars and houses for their families and much more? Well one reason is recruiting; some college programs feel that in order to get a major college recruit they have to offer these things. Some college programs (not all) have to give something to get these kids. Some of these players come from poor backgrounds, so for these kids to get some money is a big deal especially if the players and their families don’t have money anyway.

Being a college athlete is very hard. In the first placed the amount of hours that these players put in is a lot–every day of every week. They are in class all day then there’s practice after practice, they go eat dinner if they can and then go study. Now all of this may sound simple to …

Why a Good Sports Education is Necessary For Your Children

The most important part in a sports education is the opportunity of leadership and socialization but also the development of skills to handle success and failure.

Benefits of a good sports education:

  • developing skills
  • learning to follow rules
  • leading an active lifestyle
  • learning leadership skills

What about students with low skills?

Students may be marginalized because of their lack of skills as opposed to other students. They need to know the fact that they have small chances to become professional sportsmen but they should not quit. With a proper education they benefit from being part of a team and develop self-confidence. This will be important in a long run because they will use those skills when they become adults. Also, the option to become referees or Sports Journalists is always available.

Knowing more about the sport you play:

Another advantage of sport education is that children will learn more about the sport they are playing. Through roles such as statistician, referee, and scorekeeper, they learn more about the non-player roles of play. This way they will take these responsibilities seriously and show minimal signs of off-task behaviors while performing these roles.

Why is it very important for kids to play at least one sport?

Kids need attention and respect,but they have few ways to get them. A sport offers kids an arena where they can earn attention and respect by showing their natural abilities. Kids are good at sports because sports are essentially about vision, speed, creativity, strength, coordination, and responsiveness – something that every child has.

The ultimate goal of sports education is for students to become competent, literate, and enthusiastic in sports and in life at the same time.…