The Basics Of Training In MMA
MMA: The Basics
A fighter training in MMA (Mixed Martial Arts) is said to be a well-rounded athlete, as MMA combines many different skills and tactics of a number other sports. It is therefore unique. There are as many avid fans of the sport as there are against it- some may find it exciting, while some may find it brutal and barbaric. But whatever side you are leaning towards to, to be able to appreciate the art and beauty of MMA, one must understand its basics.
Where did MMA start? The roots of the sport can be traced back during the early 1900s as various mixed style contests took place throughout places like Japan, Europe and the Pacific Rim. Through time, the modern MMA competition emerged with the launch of UFC (Ultimate Fighting Championships) in 1993, although in 1989 professional MMA events were already held by Shooto, a combat sport and a particular fighting system derived from shoot wrestling. Rick Blume, president and CEO of battlecade coined the name Mixed Martial Arts in 1995.
During the early years of the sport, there were nearly no rules in the competition. But as the sport grew on popularity, safety became more of an issue. Professional refereeing was put in place and the most brutal techniques were banned.
The techniques used in competition and training in MMA basically falls under two categories; the first are striking techniques such as kicks, punches and use of knees. The other one are grappling techniques namely clinch holds, pinning holds, submission holds, sweeps, takedowns and throws. Currently rules vary from one organization to the next, but generally dangerous moves against the opponent like striking to the groin, eye-gouging, small joint manipulation and fish-hooking have been banned.
A fighter can win an MMA match by KO (Knock Out) where a fighter’s opponent becomes unconscious due to strikes or the opponent admits defeat during a match by either tapping his opponent or the mat/floor, or verbally announcing it. A fighter can also be rewarded a victory by TKO (Technical Knock Out) when the referee decides to stop the match when he senses that a fighter can no longer defend himself intelligently against his opponent. There is also the doctor stoppage where the ring doctor decides whether an injured fighter can continue with the match, corner stoppage where a fighter’s corner men may announce defeat on behalf of their fighter, decision of the judges, forfeit and disqualification.
While it may seem a little harsh compared to other sports, MMA continuously gains popularity as the fascinating blend of different sports and fighting techniques adds to its appeal. Fighters training in MMA and competing are no joke, they are indeed one of the most intense and disciplined athletes out there.